Even when the black gold began to flow, few people could have imagined the discovery would end up powering the most vigorous, relentless and ultimately damaging part of the industrial revolution. As we know, feats of travel, building and farming that were previously impossible became the norm.
Clearly oil reserves are finite - it's only a matter of when they run out - not if. Crude oil reserves are reducing at the rate of 4 billion tonnes a year - if we carry on at this rate without any increase for our growing population or aspirations, our known oil deposits will be gone by 2052.
But the rate at which the world consumes oil is not standing still, it is increasing as the world's population increases and as living standards rise in parts of the world that until recently had consumed very little energy.
Oil will therefore run out earlier.
So, not only will we need to find a new fuel source but we will have to deal with the consequence of the huge increase in CO₂ in our atmosphere.
At Ecofrenzy we have looked at the potential problems caused by an increasing CO₂ concentration in our atmosphere. Take a look at the CO₂ - Why should I care? section.